India’s wildlife is both rich and varied. More than 4% of India’s land is under forest cover- there are at least 90 national parks and 482 wildlife sanctuaries. The country is one of the 12 mega diversity areas in the world, in terms of animal.
The species in the high Himalayas show strong affinities with palaeartic region as some of the animals are found both in the oriental region as well as palaeartic region indicating the possibility of their migration from the other side of India.
The region has accordingly been divided into three sub zones:
- The forested area (Himalayan foot hills) of the Himalayas from Assam to the Eastern part of Kashmir.
- The higher altitude of the western Himalayas from Kashmir including Ladakh to the hills.
- The Eastern Himalayan sub-region.
But the highlights don’t stop there. Incredibly, the subcontinent boasts almost 90,000 living species, including 1,250 kinds of birds. Not all of them are thriving: The Asian rhino is India’s most endangered large mammal, but the greatest fear is over the disappearing tiger—a national symbol and major sightseeing draw.